Blood In Urine? You Might Be Suffering From Hematuria

Blood In Urine? You Might Be Suffering From Hematuria

It is really very hard to ignore the role played by blood in our body. It is the most important fluid our body needs to keep us up and running. And when we see blood coming out of our body, it becomes very frightening. Almost a third person once in a lifetime will encounter blood coming out of urine. 

This condition is technically known as hematuria. It happens due to several reasons from mild to serious ones. We will discuss this in detail below.

From where does blood come in urine?

The source could be many but mostly it comes from kidneys where urine is produced. It can also release from ureters, (the tubes that carry urine from kidneys to the bladder), from the bladder (where urine is stored) and from urethra (the tube from bladder to outside of our body).

Symptoms of Hematuria

When you see blood in urine, it would be in normal pale yellow color or pinkish, reddish or brownish red or tea colored. This is called hematuria. On the other hand, if it is not visible to the naked eye, then you have to undergo urine test in the lab and if doctors confirm it, this condition is known as microscopic hematuria.

It is important to note that discoloration in the urine is not always due to blood, it can happen due to the eating of certain foods or some medications. Moreover, if you see deep brown coca cola colored urine, then it’s a sign of some acute liver problem.

Reasons of blood coming from urine

Hematuria may also occur without any symptoms while some may are associated with additional symptoms. Some of the reasons are mentioned below.

  • Bladder or kidney infections followed by burning or pain
  • Bladder or kidney stones
  • Enlarged prostate or prostate cancer
  • Certain hereditary diseases such as cystic kidney disease and sickle cell anemia
  • Vigorous exercising
  • Tumour in the bladder, prostate or kidney
  • Use of certain medicines such as aspirin, heparin, and penicillin
  • Sexually transmitted infections resulting in formation of ulcers
  • Urinary tract injury

How hematuria is diagnosed

Typically, your doctor will assess your medical history followed by a urine test known as urinalysis in which red blood cells are looked for protein, glucose or other signs of infection. 

Other urine tests may include urine cytology which involves checking abnormal cells in the urine through a microscope. Blood tests can also be ordered.

The urologist might also perform some additional imaging tests such as:

  • Computed tomography (CT scan) for detecting kidney stones, tumors and other problems
  • Kidney ultrasound to get an image of kidney structure
  • Cystoscopy for checking abnormal cancerous cells
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP), an X-ray of urinary tract
  • Renal biopsy by removing a small tissue from the kidney and examining it for signs of kidney disease

Treatment of hematuria

There is no specific treatment of hematuria and is totally depends on the underlying cause. Anti-biotics might be advised for urinary tract infections while in some cases surgery may be required to remove kidney stones.

Hematuria is one of the blood disorders and treatment is only needed when something is serious. All you need is to take care of symptoms and follow the appropriate treatment procedure.

Sources

1. Hematuria: Blood in the Urine(2012, March). NIH read more
2. Hematuria in Adults(2016, May 23). National Kidney Foundation read more
3. Urologic Diseases: Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)(2016, July). NIDDK 
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