Getting Pregnant Right After Miscarriage - Is It Risky For A Woman?
Losing the bundle of joy is an utterly devastating state, especially when it seems everything was working perfectly. Though recovering from a miscarriage is something very grim and challenging, most women are eager to get pregnant again. But most of them are surrounded by a great deal of fear and anxiety, and it’s normal to feel that.
A common question that hovers around is how soon a woman can become pregnant again after a miscarriage? While it’s a very good and courageous decision to become pregnant again, but the answer to this question varies.
How long can a woman wait?
Typically, sex is not recommended for 2 weeks after a miscarriage due to fear of infection. Your period should come back within 4-6 weeks after the miscarriage and this is the time one can expect to plan pregnancy right away.
This would also be the first menstrual cycle after pregnancy. Some women may want to wait a little more and then try again. It’s best to give maximum time for healing from that emotional and physical trauma, but if you are perfectly fine with these concerns, you don’t have to wait for long.
Is it risky to get pregnant right after a miscarriage?
There has been a lot of different research and opinions on when to become pregnant again. Some doctors recommend waiting 1-3 months while some others suggest up to 6 months so that hormone level normalizes, but this lacks evidence. On the flipside, there are other studies which say there isn’t any reliable evidence or reason to wait for too long.
However, there are some general guidelines that a woman with one or multiple miscarriage must consider.
- First miscarriage – According to some research, woman who got pregnant within 6 months of their first miscarriage, had less complications than those waited for long. So, if you are physically and emotionally okay, there isn’t any reason to wait for long.
- Second or subsequent miscarriages – If you are one of those unfortunate ones who have faced multiple miscarriages, you must consult with a doctor. There might be some underlying condition that is hindering the progress of pregnancy to reach its full term. You must seek treatment before making another attempt.
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What are the chances of another miscarriage?
Miscarriages typically occur once. In most cases, women are able to carry healthy pregnancies after a miscarriage. However, a small percentage of them can have multiple miscarriages. Women who had miscarried once has 14-21 percent chances of having another one.
After two miscarriages, the likelihood increases to around 25 percent and after three miscarriages, there is 31-35 percent risk of getting it again. However, there are still chances of getting pregnant again and enjoy the motherhood, but you have to be more cautious as well as extra lucky.
What can a woman do to improve chances of successful delivery?
Unfortunately, not all miscarriages can be prevented. Most often, the cause is unknown or unavoidable such as genetic or some chromosomal defect. However, there are certain lifestyle changes that are likely to increase your chances of delivering a healthy baby in the next pregnancy. These include:
- Taking folic acid supplements a couple of months before you plan to get pregnant
- Limiting caffeine intake to less than 200 mg/day
- Having a healthy well-balanced diet
- Avoiding smoking and alcohol
- Doing light exercise for reducing stress
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Are there any special tests a woman should undergo before getting pregnant again?
There might be some concerns if you have consecutive or multiple miscarriages. You need to check with the doctor and she would guide you whether you need testing for any underlying condition such as thyroid disease and weak cervix. Most likely, the doctor would be conducting:
- Blood tests – It would detect if there is any problem with the immune system and hormones.
- Chromosomal tests – Doctor would order blood tests of both you and your partner to check for chromosomal factors. This procedure might also involve testing the tissue of the last miscarriage, if available.
Some other tests might be recommended for checking any uterine problems. These include:
- Ultrasound – This is a non-invasive imaging technique which involves using high-frequency sound waves to create images of the uterus. The device known as transducer would be moved on your abdomen and visuals will be displayed on a monitor. Ultrasound will help detect presence of any fibroids in the uterus.
- Sonohysterogram – During this procedure, a special fluid will be injected into the uterus through the vagina and scanned through ultrasound. Sonohysterogram provides detailed information about internal structure of the uterus and identifies any blockage in the fallopian tubes.
- Hysteroscopy – A lighted instrument will be inserted through the cervix and into the uterus to check the health of the fallopian tubes and the uterus.
- Hysterosalpingography – The doctor will insert a catheter into the cervix. The catheter will release a special dye into the uterus. This will highlight the uterine cavity as well as the fallopian tubes on the X-ray.
Pregnancy is a natural part of reproduction and there are times when it misses and fails to complete the full term. While it can be a shocking experience, but it does not mean you are not able to conceive in future. So eat right, don’t take stress and talk to your doctor before planning your next pregnancy.