How Neurological Disorders Are Linked To Vitamin Deficiency

How Neurological Disorders Are Linked To Vitamin Deficiency

Right from the womb of our mother, we are fed with organic substances for our healthy wellbeing and one of them is the vitamin. Vitamins are amalgamation of chemicals which we get in small amounts from our daily diets. 

Highlights

  • Vitamin deficiency can lead to various neurological disorders including myloneuropathy
  • Weakness and numbness are majors signs of myloneuropathy
  • Sticking to the proper treatment can improve the condition

Many of us are unable to get needed vitamins and minerals from our foods and end up having various health complications, one such is myeloneuropathy, a neurological disorder.

What is Myeloneuropathy?

It refers to the condition of the spinal cord and peripheral nervous system. Myeloneuropathy or myelopathy is caused by various factors such as autoimmune disorders, toxins, tumors, vitamin and copper deficiencies. Vitamin B12 deficiency is the most classic form of myeloneuropathy.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency and Myeloneuropathy

Lack of this vitamin can cause various neurological problems, one such is myeloneuropathy. It is also known as sub-acute combined degeneration and can cause weakness, mental problems, abnormal sensations and vision difficulties.

Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to disorder of the posterior columns, the part of the spinal cord which carries information about vibration, position of the body and light touch to the brain. Due to this myeloneuropathy, one can feel signs of weakness and numbness which steadily moves from feet and hands to arms and legs.

Diagnosis

The deficiency of Vitamin B12 can be confirmed by blood measurement or further by MRI.

Treatment

The deficiency of vitamin B12 can be treated with oral supplements or injections into the muscle. Usually, recovery from vitamin B12 deficiency requires lifelong supplementation.

Copper Deficiency and Myeloneuropathy

Copper deficiency is caused by malabsorption especially after bariatric surgery or condition such as celiac disease. 

It can also occur due to excessive intake of zinc which besides supplements can also be found in denture creams.

Diagnosis

A simple test of copper levels in the blood can confirm the copper deficiency in the body. The doctor also checks the zinc levels.

Treatment

Oral copper supplementation and reduction in the consumption of zinc are the best treatments for replenishing copper deficiency.

Folate Deficiency and Myeloneuropathy

Folate is one of the B Vitamins and is found in leafy green vegetables and citrus fruits. Folate is highly recommended to a pregnant woman as its deficiency can cause spinal malformation in the fetus. 

It is also been associated with neurological patterns similar to myeloneuropathy with signs of numbness and weakness.

Diagnosis

Mostly, doctors check the folate level in the blood if above-mentioned symptoms are found.

Treatment

Folic acid deficiency can be treated with oral supplements. Folic acid can cover the underlying vitamin B12 deficiency, so doctors usually rule out deficiency of vitamin B12 before starting supplementation of folic acid.

Vitamin E Deficiency and Myeloneuropathy

The deficiency of vitamin E occurs in case of severe malabsorption of fat or it may be linked to some genetic disorders. It is very rare that a person gets deficiency of vitamin E as it is commonly found in seeds and grains. 

Signs of vitamin E deficiency include vision changes, abnormalities in movement and peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage)

Diagnosis

Vitamin E deficiency can be checked through a blood test, though the levels of vitamins can be affected by cholesterol in the blood.

Treatment

Vitamin E supplements and improving the fat absorption are the two major treatment methods.

Myeloneuropathy occurring due to vitamin deficiencies can prove fatal, however, the positive aspect is that the symptoms can improve or in some cases resolve completely by sticking to the proper treatment.

Sources

1. Vitamin B12 deficiency.(2003, March). Abstract read more
2. Peripheral Neuropathy Due to Vitamin Deficiency, Toxins, and Medications (2014, October) read more
3. Approach to a case of myeloneuropathy. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2016 Apr-Jun; 19(2): 183–187
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