Pregnancy Calendar Week 27 – Severe Constipation May Hit This Week

Pregnancy Calendar Week 27 – Severe Constipation May Hit This Week

This week marks the end of the second trimester. This has been perhaps a safe journey for you so far. You have left behind a lot of discomforts while continue to tackle some less severe ones. Continue exploring more about what’s waiting for you this week.

Week 27

You have completed six months of your pregnancy. Your body has been going through a lot of adjustments while your baby moves inside. And while your baby is increasing the kick counts and movements, you must also start moving more; else you might encounter pain under your ribs.

Your body this week

Pregnant belly and bodyweight

Your belly is ballooning as you continue to gain weight. While two weeks before it was the size of a football, it has now grown to the size of a basketball. As you continue to add up weight, your baby needs proper support too. The weight ratio is settled in various areas for example your breasts which were about 200 grams; when you complete your third trimester they would be around 400 grams in size.

At this point of time, hemorrhoids are very common and there are valid reasons for that. Firstly, the increased amount of blood flow and the expanding uterus causes immense pressure inside, stimulating the veins in the rectum to swell. Secondly, the boost in progesterone hormone may slow down the movement of food through the intestines, causing constipation.

The constipation can also occur as space inside gradually decreases, causing inefficiency of the digestive system.

Typical symptoms

You may have left behind the troubling symptoms of the past weeks, but as your child grows you now have to face physical changes related to their body size. These include physical exhaustion or fatigue, shortness of breath, pelvic pressure and lower back pain as well as pain during urination. Other symptoms include:

  • Dizziness and headache
  • Itching in the body
  • Leg cramps
  • False labor contractions
  • Swelling in ankles and feet

Complications at 27th week of pregnancy

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can increase blood sugar levels. If doctor suspects, then you have to go through gestational diabetes check between 24-28 weeks. Increased blood sugar not only affects mother, but also the growing life inside.

In mother, gestational diabetes can lead to preeclampsia and increased risk of c-section delivery. In babies, complications can include excessive birth weight and chances of developing respiratory distress syndrome. So if you are overweight and had history of diabetes, you must check with your doctor well in advance.

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Your baby this week

The baby continues to flourish inside and there is lot more happening this week. The baby now looks exactly the smaller version of what they would appear after birth.

Increase in brain activities

The brain of the baby is showing increased activity. This is due to formation of new neurons and maturing network of nerves which let your baby distinguish your voice from that of others. Though the baby can hear you but the vernix caseosa, the waxy protective covering muffles the voice.

Breathing practice

The rapidly developing lungs are gradually boosting your baby’s power of inhale and exhale. The baby also practices swallowing of the amniotic fluid which may lead to hiccups. You may feel rhythmic movements due to this, so don’t get panic.

Muscles development

The little gymnast has started forming muscle tone which arises from all that kickboxing, rolling and punching, he or she is doing all the time. Each movement will last a few seconds, so you must enjoy every moment.

Size, weight and appearance

The continued nurturing in the two trimesters has led the baby grow in size of around 14.5 inch or the size of a large aubergine/eggplant (baingan). By the end of second trimester, baby would have 15 percent of fat on their body which means he or she weighs approximately 900 grams.

Healthy eating

The baby is currently in rapid development phase so it is obligatory on your part to continue taking healthy nutritious diet. Below are the healthy eating tips for the week.

  1. Maximize your calcium intake by having dairy products such as 2 glasses of milk and adding cheese and yogurt to your diet.
  2. Protein requirements are heavy at this time so don’t forget to add eggs, fish and lean meat
  3. Have a handful of walnuts and almonds for healthy development of your baby’s brain
  4. Eat only home-cooked foods and avoid deep fried foods

Expecting dads

This may be the last time for a while to plan a romantic getaway with your partner. Many airlines will require a doctor’s confirmation letter to travel in the third trimester. This is the last chance to fling to a romantic destination together because it will not be easy for the parents to travel with a baby after a few weeks from now.

So talk to your healthcare provider before embarking on to your journey. Don’t forget to carry bulk of baggage, especially plenty of water bottles.

Screening

This time around, your doctor may recommend you getting vaccinated against whooping cough or pertussis. This is usually given between 27-36 weeks. Since babies cannot be vaccinated until they are 2 months old, as you get the shots, you will pass the antibodies to your baby and he or she will be safe against the disease at birth. This vaccination might cause side effects such as body aches, headache and tiredness.

Your doctor may also ask you to do modification in your daily activities if you have been diagnosed with placenta previa. In this complication, the part or all of the cervix is covered by the placenta. If this does not resolve on its own, then it can create hurdles in normal delivery. To resolve this, your doctor may recommend you to avoid exercising and sex. Some may be advised to take bed rest.

At this point, the doctor may also administer Rh immune globulin shot. This is generally recommended to Rh negative women whose blood doesn’t contain an antigen protein found in the red blood cells. The doctor will determine this through blood test.

Tips of the week

It’s time to maximize your time for your little one. Your tips for the week include:

  1. Take fiber-rich food such as whole grain bread and cereals to prevent constipation
  2. Avoid lifting heavy objects
  3. Maintain good hygiene in order to prevent infection
  4. Continue taking prenatal vitamins and mineral supplements
  5. De-stress yourself by listening good music and reading books

FAQs at 27th week of pregnancy

Why veins of my rectum and anus are swelling?

You might be suffering from hemorrhoids and it’s pretty common at this stage. This occurs to increase in blood volume and pressure on the uterus. Avoid standing for longer times, drink plenty of water, add magnesium-rich foods and avoid constipation related straining in the toilet.

I frequently experience gaseousness, what to do?

It’s normal! The best way to counter it is to replace gaseous foods such as broccoli, cauliflower and beans by spinach and carrots. Also eat small frequent meals for easy digestion.

Sources

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pregnant? Get Tdap in Your Third Trimester. read more
2. The Nemours Foundation. Kidshealth.org. Pregnancy Calendar, Week 27 read more
3. National Women's Health Resource Center. Healthywomen.org. Pregnancy & Parenting Second Trimester of Pregnancy: 27 Weeks 
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