What Is C-Section Delivery And How It Is Done?

What Is C-Section Delivery And How It Is Done?

A pregnant woman goes through innumerable mental and physical challenges in the entire course of her pregnancy until the baby safely comes out of the womb. At times, the last stage i.e. vaginal delivery becomes complicated and this is where another alternative comes into the picture.

There is growing number of c-section or cesarean deliveries nowadays and even some parents opt for elective cesarean delivery instead of normal vaginal delivery in order to avoid severe labor pain. Though people are divided on the advantages and disadvantages, no one can deny cesarean delivery has saved many mothers and their children. So what is cesarean delivery? Let’s find out all about.

What is c-section?

Cesarean or c-section is the delivery done through a cut (incision) in the mother’s belly and uterus. In most cases, a woman remains awake and watches the whole process with the lower abdominal area being numb. In other cases, general anesthesia is used to make woman fully unconscious.

When is c-section needed?

A c-section delivery could be planned or unplanned. In majority of the cases, doctors perform cesarean following complications during the labor or schedule it knowing a problem in advance. Reasons you might need cesarean:

  • Baby is too big to be delivered normally via vagina
  • Difficult or slow labor (dystocia)
  • Position of baby not convenient for delivery
  • Foetal distress- baby showing abnormal heart rate or meconium (first feces of a newborn child) is detected
  • Problem with placenta or umbilical cord which could put the baby at risk
  • The mother no longer in a situation to bear the pain of vaginal delivery
  • If mother carrying more than one baby
  • Mother has infection and possibility of passing on to the baby
  • Woman had c-section before or doctor thinks labor might cause scar

How c-section is performed?

Before c-section, a needle is inserted into the veins of the mother for medicine and fluids during the operation. After this, the medicine (epidurial or spinal anesthesia) of numbing down belly and legs is given. 

When anesthesia starts working, doctors make a cut in the belly just above the pubic hairline. Sometimes the incision is made from navel to the pubic area. The doctors then lift out the baby, removes the placenta and stitches the incision.

This whole process normally takes 45 minutes to an hour where the baby is delivered in first 15 minutes while the remaining time is needed for closing the incision.

After delivery, most women go home in 3-5 days while some may take upto 4 weeks to fully recover. This is a relatively extended period in comparison to normal vaginal delivery.

Also Watch

How a C-section delivery is conductedHow a C-section delivery is conducted

Are there any risks of c-section delivery?

Most of the mothers as well as babies do well after c-section but since it’s a major surgery, there are risks involved as compared to normal vaginal delivery

A woman might face heavy blood loss, infection of the incision or uterus, nausea or vomiting due to anesthesia, breathing difficulty in baby, etc.

Normal vaginal delivery has its own benefits, in some unfortunate cases, c-section is performed. Talk to your obstetrician or gynecologist for your preference, he will certainly guide you through a different perspective.