What Your Blood Sugar Numbers Tell About Your Health?

What Your Blood Sugar Numbers Tell About Your Health?

Blood sugar is one of the most important sources of energy our body needs to survive. Excess in the blood sugar level might lead to several diseases including the risk of developing diabetes. It’s always better to do self-analysis in order to avoid bigger complications.

So let’s come straight to the question as to what are the right blood glucose numbers? It depends on the source where you are looking for. The numbers of American Diabetes Association (ADA) vary from that of American College of Endocrinology (ACE) recommendations. Where the former’s guidelines are moderate, the latter’s a bit strict. Also it varies from individual to individual as well. 

So how do we know which one to follow? It’s best to consult healthcare professional about your right numbers but here we can have a brief outline about the same.  

Normal blood sugar level should be 100 mg/dl when not eating anything for at least 8 hours while it should be under 140 mg/dl 2 hours after meals. For most people without diabetes, the numbers is around 70-80 mg/dl before meals. For some people, 90 is normal, for some 60.

What is the low blood sugar level?

It also differs widely. In many people, the glucose level will never fall below 60 even if they are fasting for long but for others, it may fall. When we are fasting or dieting, our liver keeps the glucose level normal by converting fat and muscle into sugar.

What are the numbers for diabetic patients?

According to American Diabetes Association, glucose targets for non-pregnant adult should be in between 80-130 mg/dl before meal and under 180 mg/dl after 1-2 hours of taking meal. It is better to know about your correct glucose targets from your doctor.

Measurement of Blood Sugar-What is the A1C?

It’s a kind of blood test that helps determine your overall glucose control. It shows average amount of glucose level in your blood over a few months’ time. You may be told to undergo this test more often if you are newly diagnosed patient or facing difficulty in controlling regularly. This test is usually conducted 2-4 times a year.

How can you track your blood glucose level?

Many people use glucose meter to check this. If you check your glucose levels regularly, it will help you figure out the pattern, manage and learn how food, physical activity and stress affect your glucose level. The best times to test are before breakfast in the morning, two hours after having a meal and before sleep. 

You can also check your blood sugar before and after exercise, especially if you are undergoing strenuous session or if you feel that your blood sugar level may be low or high.

Treatment of diabetes is patient centric, taking many things into consideration such as age, complications of diabetes, known cardiovascular diseases, family history, length of diagnosis, lifestyle and other health problems. 

Naturally, some people benefits from lower targets while for some, the targets are more lenient. So it’s best to talk to your doctor about where stand and what your goals should be.


1. The A1C Test & Diabetes(n.d.). NIDDK read more
2. Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers: Use Them to Manage Your Diabetes(2016, March). NIDDK read more
3. Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes(2016, November 21). American Diabetes Association 
read more
4. Diabetes Management Guidelines(2016). ndei read more